Concept art image showing important role pulses play in nourishing Soils and people especially in Sub Saharan Africa.

WorldPulsesDay 2024: Pulses in Sub-Saharan Africa and Three (3) Interesting Facts

Digital Concept Art Image depicting the nourishing impact of Pulses for People and Soil Fertility in Sub Saharan Africa

Celebrating The Power of Pulses to Nourish Soils and People

Digital concept art image interpretation of the theme of Pulses and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa

1. Pulses and Sustainable Agriculture

Pulses are a cornerstone for environmentally sustainable agriculture due to their ability to biologically fix atmospheric nitrogen and enhance the biological turnover of phosphorus. They play a significant role in regenerative agriculture and bioremediation projects in Sub-Saharan Africa, contributing significantly to the recovery of depleted land, and enhancing crop production, and food security

Key Fact: An estimated 65% of the arable land in Sub-Saharan Africa is degraded due to unsustainable practices, resulting in annual soil nutrient losses worth approximately US$4 billion. High-performing legumes or pulse crops can fix up to 300kg of nitrogen per hectare.

Digital concept art image showing Pulses re-energizing a malnourished person.

2. Pulses and Malnutrition

The population of the African continent is predicted to double by 2050, exacerbating malnutrition issues. Increased local consumption of pulses could significantly impact malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Key Fact: Local production of pulses in Sub Saharan Africa is expected to reach around 19.8 million metric tons by 2029 potentially improving nutritional health through increased local consumption. 

Digital art image showing a man working in a polyhouse for the cultivation and drying of pulses in Africa.

3. Greenhouse Production of Pulses

Pulse varieties such as cowpea, mung bean, and lentils are suitable for greenhouse conditions. This alternative production method can deliver increased yields, reduced water usage, and improved crop quality, which are critical success factors in pulse production.

Key Fact: Some completed projects across the globe demonstrate the feasibility of cultivating pulses like lentils and mug bean in polyhouses

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World Wetlands_PasSolutions

World Wetlands Day 2024: Human Wellbeing and Environmental Balance in African Wetlands

African Wetlands: The Cradle of Life

African wetlands are famously described as the cradle of life. Wetlands in Africa cover around 4% of the continental area. Wetlands are a source of freshwater, fisheries, moist soil for farming, and wild plants; key resources for vital life-support projects in the agricultural, pharmaceutical, food value chain, and construction industries.

However, there is a global decline in the size of wetlands! 

In Africa, the real and potential environmental impacts of several projects in the energy utility sector contribute to the decline of wetlands on the continent.
Top Wetland Degraders In Sub Sahara Africa: Oil Exploration, Open cast mining and Hydro Power Projects

Here are the top 3 energy utility industries that contribute mostly to the decline of wetlands in Africa:

  1. Crude Oil Exploration Projects

Crude oil constituted 8, 177, 523 TJ of the Total energy supply in Africa as of 2022 (IEA Data). Crude oil exploration has also resulted in significant environmental pollution of wetlands in Africa with critical socio-economic implications.

2. Mining Projects

Mining especially through opencast methods, frequently impacts wetlands due to their positions in the landscape and relationship to drainage networks. The impacts are ongoing, as many mined minerals such as coal, cobalt, and copper are strategic resources and will continue to be mined to support development.

3. Hydro Power Projects

Major threats to African wetlands include the development of hydropower dams, with some 200 new projects planned in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Preserve the Cradle of Life!

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Let’s work together to develop effective environmental impact monitoring plans and review EIA reports. Your actions today can make a difference. Join us in protecting our wetlands!